The AFLANG Project | OROMO
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ABOUT OROMO

Afaan Oromo is spoken by the Oromo people who inhabit Ethiopia, particularly the Oromia region. With over 30 million speakers, the Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and the wider Horn of Africa, and the third largest ethnonational group in Africa. Traced back to at least the early 1400s, the Oromo people practised democracy before its adoption by the Western world. This was achieved through the Gadaa system described by scholars as one of the most complex systems of social organisation ever devised by the human imagination and one of the most astonishing and instructive turns the evolution of human society has taken. Distinguished for its innovation and efficiency, researchers continue to explore how the Gadaa system can be utilised in the 21st century. Believed to have discovered Arabian coffee and coffee itself, the Oromo people are one of the leading producers of coffee in the world and are also major rearers of cattle in Ethiopia. A major attraction in the Oromia region is the Bale Mountains National Park which encompasses landmarks such as Tullu Demtu and has been described to have one of the highest incidences of endemicity of any terrestrial habitat in the world.

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