The Northern Ndebele language, also called Zimbabwean Ndebele, is spoken by the Ndebele people who mainly occupy the Matabeleland region of Zimbabwe. Its counterpart, Southern Ndebele, is spoken in South Africa. The Ndebele people are most known for their artwork, developed around the 18th century, particularly their house paintings which are colourful and intricate yet precise and perfectly done. A major attraction in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second largest city, is the Khami Ruins. Once the capital of the Kingdom of Butua which reigned in the 1400s, this ancient city is now a national monument and has since been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Made of complex and intricate stonework, Khami is the second largest stone-built monument in Zimbabwe and was a development of the architectural form that originated in Great Zimbabwe. Study of this city’s architecture and artefacts has since provided much insight into civilisations of old.
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