The Fante people, along with the Asante, comprise two of the largest and best known ethnic groups that constitute the Akan. Fante, itself, is one of the three formal literary dialects of the Akan language spoken by the Fante people who occupy the Southern coast of Ghana, predominantly Cape Coast, Central Region and Mankessim—recognised as the traditional headquarters of the Fante people. As with most Akan groups, succession to public office and inheritance among the Fante people is primarily determined by matrilineal descent. The Cape Coast, the capital city of the Fante people, is one of the most historical cities in Ghana, consisting of two slave castles from the era of the Transatlantic Slave Trade: Cape Coast Castle and Elmina Castle, both UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Fante have produced numerous prominent people such as Kofi Annan (former UN Secretary General), John Atta-Mills (the late former president of Ghana) and Ottobah Cugoano (an abolitionist and natural rights philosopher) as well as notable speakers of the language such as Maya Angelou (the American poet, writer and civil rights activist).
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