The Bini language is spoken by the Bini people who occupy the South/Mid-Western part of Nigeria. Their empire was one of the oldest, most significant and most highly developed empires in West Africa, reigning from around the 11th century until its decline in 1897 as a result of British invasion. Developing an artistically advanced culture, the Bini Empire boasted of many artefacts of bronze, iron and ivory. Till date, the most famous artefact of the Bini people is the ivory mask of Queen Idia, a homage to the renowned Warrior Queen of the 16th century Bini Empire. Another unique and coveted aspect of the Bini people is the rich and regal dressing, commonly worn during traditional wedding ceremonies. One of the most well-known attractions, presently a UNESCO World Heritage site, attesting to the greatness of Bini civilisation is the Benin Moat, considered the largest human-made structure lengthwise and the largest earthwork in the world. The Benin Moat was described to be four times longer than the Great Wall of China, to have consumed a hundred times more material than the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt and to be the largest single archaeological phenomenon on Earth.
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